In the past 24-hour observation period, Kanlaon Volcano’s monitoring network recorded ten (10) volcanic earthquakes that are mostly associated with rock fracturing processes beneath the edifice. Moderate emission of white steam-laden plumes that rose 400 meters before drifting northeast and southeast was observed. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission was measured at an average of 583 tonnes/day on 18 July 2020. Ground deformation data from continuous GPS measurements indicate a slight deflation of the lower and mid slopes since January 2020. However, short-term electronic tilt monitoring on the southeastern flanks recorded inflation on the lower to mid slopes that began on June 21, 2020. These parameters indicate hydrothermal or magmatic processes occurring beneath the edifice.
DOST-PHIVOLCS would like to remind the public that Kanlaon Volcano is at Alert Level 1, which means that it is at an abnormal condition and has entered a period of unrest. The local government units and the public are strongly reminded that entry into the 4-kilometer radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) must be strictly prohibited due to the further possibilities of sudden and hazardous steam-driven or phreatic eruptions. Civil aviation authorities must also advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano’s summit as ejecta from any sudden phreatic eruption can be hazardous to aircraft. DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring Kanlaon Volcano’s activity and any new development will be relayed to all concerned.